If you are a freelance UX designer, you will find its more challenging when you have to design for public. Because your target might be not native English, or highly educated city dwellers, or people without good health conditions. Universality and inclusivity are in the focus of the Accessibility web standards that are one of W3C’s web design related standards. So, we are going to discuss UX Design for People with Special Needs with The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). It aims to create a web that is accessible to all. Regardless of their hardware, software, language, history, geographic place, or physical or mental abilities.
When it comes to usability, the most important thing to remember is that a person does not need to have complete loss of a sense or ability to require assistance. Accessibility requirements are also present in people with problems such as partial vision loss or moderate hearing impairment.
Let’s look at who the key groups are, how they use the internet, and how a thoughtful designer can enhance their user experience through UX design for people with special needs.
This category includes people who have mild to moderate vision impairments in one or both eyes, as well as people who have color blindness, poor vision, blindness, or deaf-blindness. To improve readability, they need the ability to resize text and images, as well as customize fonts, colors, and spacing.
Thus, to create UX Design for People with Special Needs with visual impairments we need to include proper explanations for hyperlinks, icons, photographs, and other media forms on these sites. For each non-textual part, the rule of thumb is to include an equivalent text alternative.
Even, Google and other search engines’ bots can be thought of as visually impaired agents, and keep in mind that whatever is good for visually impaired humans often pleases the bots, thus boosting a site’s SEO rating.
Hearing impairments of various grades make it difficult for web users to understand speech, particularly when there is background noise. The most common use case is video material that needs to be made available by supplementing the audio with visual aids.
Closed captioning, which captions background sounds like music or explosions, can be extremely beneficial to them. Providing captions and translations to people who aren’t native speakers of the recorded language can also greatly increase their experience.
When it comes to developing web and smartphone applications, we must also be cautious. People with auditory difficulties or those without adequate audio hardware or software would be excluded if users must rely solely on voice interactions.
Apple TV is an excellent example of a technology created with the deaf and hard of hearing in mind, since it features a user interface that allows them to tailor subtitles and captions to their specific needs.
Cognitive and Neurological Disabilities
Brain and peripheral nervous system disorders have an effect on how people move, see, hear, and comprehend things. Many people need to process information at a slower pace than others, so we need to provide them with material that is well-structured and easy to navigate.
It can also help if we have several navigation options: not just one large dropdown menu, but also tag clouds, scan, breadcrumbs, and other clever and simple solutions.
When it comes to helping people with cognitive and neurological disorders understand what we’re trying to say, adding visual cues to the material is critical. They will benefit greatly from images, graphs, diagrams, and smart typography, such as avoiding long paragraphs.
Consider those with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) or autism. Reducing distractions like flickering or blinking advertisements and intrusive popups will hold many of them on our pages.
Take a look at the Social Security Administration website of the United States government for an example of well-designed, logically organized content with open navigation and informative visual cues.
People who are physically impaired may have motor disabilities, sensory or muscle function limitations, joint problems, missing limbs, and a variety of other physical limitations.
Providing full keyboard support and allowing enough time for them to complete tasks such as filling out online forms, responding to queries, or updating their previous material in comment sections is probably the most important thing related to them.
Physically challenged people can have difficulty clicking small areas, so we must always make sure that clickable areas, such as buttons, are big enough.
As a result, it’s critical to create logical, coherent navigation and a well-structured site with few distractions, just as it was in the previous cases.
So, creating web experiences for disabled people is challenging. When we design a website with the sensory impaired in mind, we create a product that is logical, well-structured, and simple to use. This is beneficial not only to the disabled, but to all users, as they all need an intuitive, customizable, and easy-to-understand website. You can learn more to understand and create design for special needs people on Soho Learning Hub. Once you got the skill, you can create your profile as a freelance UX designer on Flexgigzz.com that create accessible design.
Source : Hongkiat
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